Raffaello Santi, called Raphael or Raffaello, was born in 1483 in Urbino in Italy and died in 1520 in Rome. He was a painter and a architect of the Renaissance.
Raphael was probably introduced to painting in the workshop of his father, also a painter. However, his father died when Raphael was only eleven, and there are uncertainties about the period that followed.
In 1500, he moved to Perugia to work with Perugino, who already no longer considered him to be an apprentice. During the four years he spent in this city, he made several paintings, including "The mond crucifixion", "Madonna with Child" and "The marriage of the Virgin" that are reminiscent of the style of Perugino, probably because the sponsors preferred him to imitate a confirmed artist.
During his four-year stay in Florence, he was influenced by the works of two other famous painters, Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci, as evidenced by the "Madonna of the Carnation" and "The Madonna of the beautiful garden".
Later he went to the Vatican, where he was commissioned to decorate several rooms of the palace of Julius II and where he met the love of his life, whom he painted a painting entitled "La fornarina" because his father was a baker. He made there many orders, whether frescoes, such as "The triumph of galatea" and "Deliverance of Saint Peter" or pictures like "Saint Cecilia".
Raphael died in 1520 as the result of malaria when he painted his greatest masterpiece, "The Transfiguration", summing up all his work.
A key artist of the Italian Renaissance, Raffaello Santi - Raphael (1483-1520) developed a classical art form, based on drawing, which made him the model for many painters in the following centuries.
His favourite theme was the Madonna: you can admire, for example, "The Sistine Madonna" in Dresden and the "The Virgin and Child with St John the Baptist" in the Louvre Museum, Paris.
Notice the gentle harmony and the delicate sensuality in "The Three Graces" or the powerful human presence in "The Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione".
Enjoy your visit!
Raphael: "The mond crucifixion" (c. 1502-03, National Gallery, London)
Raphael: "Spozalizio" (1504, Pinacoteca di Brera - Brera Art Gallery, Milan)
Raphael: "The three graces" (1504-05, Musée Condé - Condé Museum, Chantilly)
Raphael: "The virgin and child with St John the baptist" (1507, Musée du Louvre - Louvre Museum, Paris)
Raphael: "The Sistine madonna" (c. 1512-13, Gemäldegalerie Alter Meister - Old Masters Gallery, Dresden)
Raphael: "Saint Cecilia" (1514, Pinacoteca Nazionale - National Art Gallery, Bologna)
Raphael: "The triumph of galatea" (1513-14, Villa Farnesina, Rome)
Raphael: "Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione" (1514-15, Musée du Louvre - Louvre Museum, Paris)
Raphael: "La fornarina" (1518-19, Palazzo Barberini - Barberini Palace, Rome)
Raphael: "Pope Leo X with cardinals Giulio de Medici and Luigi de Rossi" (1518-19, Galleria degli Uffizi - Uffizi Gallery, Florence)