Marc Chagall, born in 1887 in Liozna in Belarus and died in 1985 in Saint-Paul-de-Vence in France, is a major foreign painter of the 20th Century who came to settle in France. Very steeped in Jewish culture, he tried many forms of art, including sculpture and poetry.
After a childhood in Belarus, Chagall arrived in France in 1910, when Fauvism and Cubism crossed, which had an impact on his art. Nevertheless, we can not relate his works to any artistic movement in particular, even if it has the characteristics of Surrealism.
Chagall returned to his hometown in 1914, but was forced to stay longer than expected because of the First World War. So he took the opportunity to paint, and paintings like "The Walk" and "Double Portrait with a Glass of Wine" testify to this forced stay in Belarus.
The painter acquired French nationality in 1937 and left four years later for the United States to escape anti-Semitism that prevailed in Europe. This fear is present in his works of that time, as evidenced by "War" and "Resistance" which he reworked in 1943: the choice of colors and themes reflect his anxiety.
Despite his religion, Chagall also painted several pictures regarding the Bible as "Yellow Crucifixion", "Adam and Eve Driven from Paradise" or even "Jacob’s Dream".
Throughout his life, Chagall constantly switched between biblical and Jewish paintings and imaginary representations of the world. "Blue Circus" perfectly illustrates this latter category.
Let yourself be carried away into the poetic imagination of a genius painter of Russian origin, Marc Chagall, (1887-1985).
His work bears the stamp of eastern European folklore and religion as in “Jacob’s Dream”.
Drawing inspiration from his private life, Marc Chagall produced a “Self-portrait” and paintings dedicated to his wife, Bella, including the famous “Bride and Groom of the Eiffel Tower” conserved in the Pompidou Center, Paris.
Discover the coloured magic of this unique painter.
Enjoy your visit!
Marc Chagall: "Self-Portrait" (c. 1959-68, Galleria degli Uffizi - Uffizi Gallery, Florence)
Marc Chagall: "To my Wife" (1933-44, Centre Pompidou - Pompidou Center, Paris)
Marc Chagall: "Resistance" (1937, Musée Marc Chagall - Chagall Museum, Nice)
Marc Chagall: "The Bride and Groom of the Eiffel Tower" (1938, Centre Pompidou - Pompidou Center, Paris)
Marc Chagall: "Yellow Crucifixion" (1942, Centre Pompidou - Pompidou Center, Paris)
Marc Chagall: "War" (1943, Musée d'art moderne - Modern Art Museum, Céret)
Marc Chagall: "Cockerel" (1947, Musée des Beaux-Arts - Museum of Fine Arts, Lyon)
Marc Chagall: "Blue Circus" (1950, Musée Marc Chagall - Chagall Museum, Nice)
Marc Chagall: "Adam and Eve Driven from Paradise" (1961, Musée Marc Chagall - Chagall Museum, Nice)
Marc Chagall: "Jacob's Dream" (1960-66, Musée Marc Chagall - Chagall Museum, Nice)