Gustave Courbet was born in 1819 in Ornans in France, and died in 1877 in La Tour-de-Peilz in Switzerland. He was a French painter of the 19th Century, and one of the biggest names of Realism. Very involved in politics, he was seen as a revolutionary, especially because his art was considered very provocative.
Initiated when he was twelve to art thanks to drawing lessons, Courbet then took courses in the class of the College of Fine Arts in Besançon. Then, he studied painting in the studio of Charles De Steuben and law at the faculty in Paris at the same time.
Gustave Courbet began painting in the early 1840s. Heavily influenced by Spanish artists such as Velázquez, Ribera and Zurbaran, he also took his inspiration from Dutch chiaroscuro as evidenced by "Self-Portrait with Black Dog".
From 1848, the artist participated in his own way to the theory of Realism advocated by Jules Champfleury. Works as "A Burial at Ornans" or "Bonjour Monsieur Courbet" reflect this contribution to French Realism.
In 1853, Courbet began painting Nudes, like "The Bathers", which at the time shocked a lot because it is a naked woman with generous and realistic forms. This is not the only work that scandalized: "Ladies at the Seine" shocked many people because of its realism and sensuality that emanates. But his most provocative work is undoubtedly "The Origin of the World", a work representing the sex of a naked woman, lying and legs apart.
Nevertheless, it is Realism that characterizes the works of Gustave Courbet, whether they are shocking and provocative works or scenes and landscapes as "The Peasants of Flagey" and "Cliff at Etretat after the Storm".
Taking inspiration from ordinary people, Gustave Courbet raised humble folk to the ranks of art history…
Gustave Courbet also paid homage to the female body in his famous “Origin of the World” … Although his audacity, together with its uncompromising naturalism, was often deemed scandalous, it is also what made his name.
With paintings such as “Sleep”, “A Burial at Ornans” and “The Artist’s Studio”, this exhibition presents works from the leader of the Realist movement (Realism)
Enjoy your visit!
Gustave Courbet: "Self-Portrait with Pipe" (1846, Musée Fabre - Fabre Museum, Montpellier)
Gustave Courbet: "A Burial at Ornans"(1849-50, (Musée d'Orsay - Orsay Museum, Paris)
Gustave Courbet: "Bonjour Monsieur Courbet" (1854, Musée Fabre - Fabre Museum, Montpellier)
Gustave Courbet: "The Grain Sifters" (1854, Musée des Beaux-Arts - Museum of Fine Arts, Nantes)
Gustave Courbet: "The Artist's Studio" (1854-55, (Musée d'Orsay - Orsay Museum, Paris)
Gustave Courbet: "The Peasants of Flagey" (1855, Musée des Beaux-Arts - Museum of Fine Arts, Besançon)
Gustave Courbet: "Ladies at the Seine" (1856-57, Musée du Petit-palais - Petit Palais, Paris)
Gustave Courbet: "Sleep" (1866, Musée du Petit-palais - Petit Palais, Paris)
Gustave Courbet: "The Origin of the World" (1866, (Musée d'Orsay - Orsay Museum, Paris)
Gustave Courbet: "Cliff at Etretat after the Storm" (1870, (Musée d'Orsay - Orsay Museum, Paris)