Louis XV of France was born in 1710 and died in 1774 in Versailles, near Paris. He became King of France and Navarre in 1715 until his death in 1774.
Louis XIV died when his son was only 2 years. The great-uncle of Louis XV, the Duke of Orleans was proclaimed regent on 2 September 2, 1715, until February 15, 1723. However, although he was very young, he had to play his role of representation. From 1717 he learnt Latin, mathematics, cartography, drawing, or even astronomy.
King Louis XV of France was crowned in Reims in 1722. He was declared over the age of majority the following year, and then officially became King of France. Because he had a fragile health, he quickly looked for a princess to marry in order to be sure he had descendants. He married Marie Leszcsyńska in 1725.
Physically, King Louis XV was beautiful and tall, athletic and had a natural authority. This can be seen in the portraits of the King realized by several painters as Lemoyne’s "Louis XV Giving Peace to Europe" or Rigaud’s "Portrait of Louis of France, Son of Louis XIV and Heir to the Throne".
After several scandals that damaged his reputation like his relationship with the Marquise de Pompadour and the War of Austrian Succession, Louis XV officially presented his mistress, the Comtesse du Barry in 1769, the year following the death of his wife.
On April 26, 1774, while he was at the Petit Trianon, Louis XV suffered from smallpox. He died a few days later, on May 10, 1774.
Discover this exhibition, you will discover Louis XV since his early age, through paintings painted by artists like Lemoyne, Rigaud and Vernet.
Enjoy your visit!
François Lemoyne: "Louis XV Giving Peace to Europe" (1729, Château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles)
Jean-Baptiste Oudry: "Louis XV Hunting a Deer in Saint-Germain Forest" (1730, Musée des Augustins, Toulouse)
Hyacinthe Rigaud: "Portrait of Louis of France, Son of Louis XIV and Heir to the Throne" (18th Century, Musée Bossuet, Meaux)
Jean-Baptiste Van Loo: "Louis XV Giving the Medal of the Holy Spirit to Comte de Clermont in Versailles' Chapel" (1730-31, Château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles)
François Lemoyne: "The apotheosis of hercules" (1731-36, Château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles)
Jean-Baptiste Martin: "Coronation of Louis XV, 25 october 1722" (18th Century, Château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles)
Horace Vernet: "The Battle of Fontenoy, 11 may 1745" (1828, Château de Versailles - Palace of Versailles)