The Russian revolution is the set of events that occurred during the year 1917 in Russia and which led to the overthrow of the regime in February, and the set up of a new regime (Communist) in October. The Revolution was partly caused by the First World War.
Before the Russian revolution, the Russian Empire was an autocratic monarchy, that is to say that only the sovereign had the power. Although an industrial boom appeared in Russia in the early XXth Century, economy and agriculture did not follow this tendency. Industrialization was resented by the people, which was mainly rural. The successive defeats of Russia during the First World War led to the February Revolution.
After the revolution and the fall of the monarchy, the Russian people felt released. However, the country had experienced repeated crises in 1917, until the October Revolution.
This very delicate situation in a country which was torn apart had a strong impact on Russian painting during this period. Many artists painted in 1917, and paintings were reflecting the mood of that time, like Chagall and Krustodiev who painted respectively "The Salute" and "February 27th, 1917". However, several years later, artists continued to represent the Russian revolution, as shown for example by Bultov’s" Spring in a Worker’s Rest House".
Discover through this exhibition the works of some of the greatest Russian painters such as Chagall, Mayakovsky or even Lebedev.
The Russian revolution is a striking event of Russian culture. Painters have been steeped by the Revolution as evidenced by "Bolshevism" by Kukrynisky or "Lenin in Smolny, 1917" by Brodsky.
Enjoy your visit!
Marc Chagall: "The Salute" (1914, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire du Judaïsme - Museum of Art and Jewish History, Paris)
Boris Kustodiev: "February 27th, 1917" (1917, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow)
Nikolaï Nikonov: "The Red Army's Entry into Krasnoyarsk, 1920" (c.1920, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow)
Kukryniksy: "Bolchevism" (1920, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow)
Vladmir Maïakovsky: "Model for the "Mystery-bouffe" Theatre Play Costumes" (1920, Maïakovsky Museum, Moscow)
Vladmir Lebedev: "The Red Army and the Navy to Protect the Limits of Russia" (1920, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow)
Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin: "Death of Commissar" (1927, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow)
Izaak Brodsky: "Lenin in Smolny, 1917" (1930, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow)
Mitrofan Grekov: "Trumpeters of the First Cavalery" (1934, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow)
Erik Boulatov: "Spring in a Worker's Rest House" (1988, Centre Pompidou - Pompidou Center, Paris)